How to Find a web element in Selenium Webdriver

In this article, we are going to see the functions needed to find a web element from a webpage from code using selenium web driver. I am using c# code to do that.

First, every element of an webpage are following IWebElement contract(similar to web element class) . So we need to declare that. The code will be -
private IWebElement element;

Now, we need to assign the element by finding using driver. We can find a web element in eight ways.
1. To find elements by their CSS class(web driver has different class for different type css)
element = driver.FindElement(By.ClassName("String"));

2. To find elements by their cascading stylesheet (CSS) selector
element = driver.FindElement(By.CssSelector("string"));

3. To find elements by their ID(maintained id in full page)
element = driver.FindElement(By.Id("String"));

4. To find elements by their link text(link showing text)
element = driver.FindElement(By.LinkText("String"));

5. To find elements by their name(maintained name in full page)
element = driver.FindElement(By.Name("String"));

6. To find elements by a partial match on their link text(not exac match with link text)
element = driver.FindElement(By.PartialLinkText("String"));

7. To find elements by their tag name
element = driver.FindElement(By.TagName("String"));

8. To find elements by an XPath query
element = driver.FindElement(By.XPath("String"));

Note : Xpath query is the most convenient way to use in dynamic web page. we should learn about xpath also.

...thanks.:) .. if selenium versions updated, I will update the finding ways.


  1. Hi dada, how to locate elements in angularJS application using selenium webdriver?

    1. If items are pre populated, you can get by selectors. (advance selectors Pseudo selectors like
      if items are coming dynamically by Ajax,
      => you need to refresh or repopulate (init element) with keep bowser session safe(keep the same session)
      or => Use javaScript executor to run javascripts to get the element.